Cigarette smoke and diseases of the

Lung Cancer More people die from lung cancer than any other type of cancer. Your chance of still being alive five years after being diagnosed is less than 1 in 5. It causes serious long-term disability and early death. COPD starts by making it hard to be active, such as playing with a grandchild, then usually gets worse, until climbing a short set of stairs or even walking to get the mail is exhausting or impossible.

Cigarette smoke and diseases of the

Vinyl chloride What are some of the health problems caused by cigarette smoking?

Cigarette smoke and diseases of the

Smoking is the leading cause of premature, preventable death in this country. Cigarette smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke cause aboutpremature deaths each year in the United States 1.

Mortality rates among smokers are about three times higher than among people who have never smoked 67. Smoking causes cancers of the lung, esophagus, larynx, mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, cervix, colon, and rectum, as well as acute myeloid leukemia 1 — 3.

Smoking also causes heart disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm a balloon-like bulge in an artery in the chestchronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD chronic bronchitis and emphysemadiabetesosteoporosisrheumatoid arthritis, age-related macular degenerationand cataractsand worsens asthma symptoms in adults.

Smokers are at higher risk of developing pneumoniatuberculosisand other airway infections 1 — 3.

The Potential Roles of Extracellular Vesicles in Cigarette Smoke-Associated Diseases

In addition, smoking causes inflammation and impairs immune function 1. There have also been changes over time in the type of lung cancer smokers develop — a decline in squamous cell carcinomas but a dramatic increase in adenocarcinomas. Smoking makes it harder for a woman to get pregnant. Men who smoke are at greater risk of erectile dysfunction 19.

But regardless of their age, smokers can substantially reduce their risk of disease, including cancer, by quitting. What are the risks of tobacco smoke to nonsmokers? Environmental Protection Agency, the U.

National Toxicology Program, the U. Surgeon General, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer have classified secondhand smoke as a known human carcinogen cancer-causing agent 511 Inhaling secondhand smoke causes lung cancer in nonsmoking adults 124.

Approximately 7, lung cancer deaths occur each year among adult nonsmokers in the United States as a result of exposure to secondhand smoke 1.

Secondhand smoke causes disease and premature death in nonsmoking adults and children 24. In the United States, exposure to secondhand smoke is estimated to cause about 34, deaths from heart disease each year 1. Pregnant women exposed to secondhand smoke are at increased risk of having a baby with a small reduction in birth weight 1.

Children exposed to secondhand smoke are at an increased risk of SIDS, ear infections, colds, pneumonia, and bronchitis. Secondhand smoke exposure can also increase the frequency and severity of asthma symptoms among children who have asthma.

Smoking is highly addictive. The addiction to cigarettes and other tobacco products that nicotine causes is similar to the addiction produced by using drugs such as heroin and cocaine Nicotine is present naturally in the tobacco plant.

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But tobacco companies intentionally design cigarettes to have enough nicotine to create and sustain addiction. The amount of nicotine that gets into the body is determined by the way a person smokes a tobacco product and by the nicotine content and design of the product.

Nicotine is absorbed into the bloodstream through the lining of the mouth and the lungs and travels to the brain in a matter of seconds. Taking more frequent and deeper puffs of tobacco smoke increases the amount of nicotine absorbed by the body.

Are other tobacco products, such as smokeless tobacco or pipe tobacco, harmful and addictive? All forms of tobacco are harmful and addictive 4 There is no safe tobacco product. In addition to cigarettes, other forms of tobacco include smokeless tobaccocigarspipeshookahs waterpipesbidisand kreteks.

Smokeless tobacco is a type of tobacco that is not burned.The diseases caused by smoking harm almost every organ in the body. It is the cause of 1 in 5 deaths in the US alone, yet around 42 million American continue to smoke. Find out more about the different diseases that are caused by smoking and learn the steps necessary to quit smoking today.

Secondhand smoke is the combination of smoke from the burning end of a cigarette and the smoke breathed out by smokers.

Secondhand smoke contains more than 7, chemicals. Hundreds are toxic and about 70 can cause cancer. 1,2,3,4 Since the . Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases). (A more broad definition may include simply taking tobacco smoke into the mouth, and then releasing it, as is done by some with tobacco pipes and cigars.).

Cigarette smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke cause about , premature deaths each year in the United States. Of those premature deaths, about 36% are from cancer, 39% are from heart disease and stroke, and 24% are from lung disease (1). Chronic exposure to cigarette smoke is the major risk factor for numerous diseases.

Several studies cited the gaps between acute in vitro CS exposure and chronic in vivo CS exposure in smokers [ 12, 17 ]. Smokers are at greater risk for diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease).

1,2 Smoking causes stroke and coronary heart disease, which are among the leading causes of death in the United States. 1,3 Even people who smoke fewer than five cigarettes a day can have early signs of cardiovascular disease. 1 .

Harms of Cigarette Smoking and Health Benefits of Quitting - National Cancer Institute