Wilson emerged in the s as a significant voice in American theater. His dramas, for which he has variously received such coveted prizes as the Tony Award, the New York Drama Critics Circle Award, and the Pulitzer Prize, are part of a planned play-cycle devoted to the story of black American experience in the twentieth century. His rich yet somber explorations of black history prompted Samuel G.
Twenty years ago the scientist, who died yesterday at the age of 60, had a life-threatening bout of cancer. Many readers will remember the way he wrote about that episode, not only for its personal candor but also for the fact that he found comfort in a statistical analysis of his chances of survival.
It was wholly in keeping with the tenor of Mr. Gould's character that he could turn an understanding of statistics into a toehold on life itself. It was also in keeping that he chose to write about it for a popular audience.
The vast majority of the people who know Mr. Gould's name know him as a scientific essayist, not as a paleontologist or evolutionary theorist, let alone an expert on Cerion land snails. They know him as a man who had an opinion on nearly everything and a way to turn nearly every opinion he had into a tour de force of analogy and historical example.
His scientific colleagues found him almost as brilliant as his popular audience did, but considerably more exasperating as well. He was never a scientific bomb-thrower; he worked, after all, in the heart of the scientific establishment.
But he delighted in small explosions, and he never hesitated to set them off when he thought it would do a discipline good. Gould had not reveled in the role of controversialist.
That was his evolutionary niche. A man with so many opinions is bound, pretty often, to be wrong, but Mr. Gould could be just as entertaining when he was wrong as when he was right.
That was another reason he exasperated his colleagues, that and the fact that he came to stand for science itself in the minds of many lay readers. How his work will play in the years to come remains to be seen, of course.
His scientific achievements are solid, and he has done everything possible to throw light on the subjects that mattered to him. And if some of that light, just on the off chance, fell on Mr. Gould himself, it is hard to begrudge him that now.
Stephen Jay Gould, Evolution Theorist, Dies at 60 By Carol Kaesuk Yoon Stephen Jay Gould, the evolutionary theorist at Harvard University whose research, lectures and prolific output of essays helped to reinvigorate the field of paleontology, died yesterday at his home in Manhattan.
The cause was cancer, said his wife, Rhonda Roland Shearer. One of the most influential evolutionary biologists of the 20th century and perhaps the best known since Charles Darwin, Dr. Gould touched off numerous debates, forcing scientists to rethink sometimes entrenched ideas about evolutionary patterns and processes.
One of his best known theories, developed with Niles Eldredge, argued that evolutionary change in the fossil record came in fits and starts rather than a steady process of slow change.
This theory, known as punctuated equilibrium, was part of Dr. Gould's work that brought a forsaken paleontological perspective to the evolutionary mainstream.
Gould achieved a fame unprecedented among modern evolutionary biologists. He was depicted in cartoon form on " The Simpsons ," and renovations of his SoHo loft in Manhattan were featured in a glowing article in Architectural Digest.
Famed for both brilliance and arrogance, Dr. Gould was the object of admiration and jealousy, both revered and reviled by colleagues. Outside of academia, Dr. Gould was almost universally adored by those familiar with his work. In his column in Natural History magazine, he wrote in a voice that combined a learned Harvard professor and a baseball-loving everyman.
The Cal Ripken Jr. Many were collected into best-selling books like "Bully for Brontosaurus. Gould include " Wonderful Life ," which examines the evolution of early life as recorded in the fossils of the Burgess Shale, and "The Mismeasure of Man," a rebuttal to what Dr.
Gould described as pseudoscientific theories used to defend racist ideologies. Gould was born on Sept. Gould took his first steps toward a career in paleontology as a 5-year-old when he visited the American Museum of Natural History with his father.
In an upbringing filled with fossils and the Yankees, he attended P. He then enrolled at Antioch College in Ohio, where he received a bachelor's degree in geology in Inhe received a doctorate in paleontology from Columbia University and went on to teach at Harvard, where he would spend the rest of his career.
But it was in graduate school that Dr.John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, – November 22, ), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January until his assassination in November He served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his presidency dealt with managing relations with the Soviet Union.
August Wilson Wilson, August - Essay. Homework Help August Wilson Homework Help Questions. Fences. August Wilson. Gem of the Ocean. August Wilson. Jitney. Troy Maxson - The protagonist of Fences, a fifty-three year-old, African American man who works for the sanitation department, lifting garbage into trucks.
Troy is also a former baseball star in the Negro Leagues. Troy's athletic ability diminished before the Major Leagues accepted blacks. Wilson's writing emphasizes the Maxson family's roots in slavery with symbols, themes and storytelling. Wilson's title, Fences stands for larger boundaries than the ones created physically and emotionally in the Maxson household.
Essays and criticism on August Wilson's Fences - Critical Essays.
Stephen Jay Gould, Evolution Theorist, Dies at By Carol Kaesuk Yoon The New York Times, May 21, Stephen Jay Gould, the evolutionary theorist at Harvard University whose research, lectures and prolific output of essays helped to reinvigorate the field of .