Gesell and his colleagues constructed a set of behavioral norms that illustrate sequential and predictable patterns of growth and development. Gesell asserted that all children go through similar stages, although each child may move through these stages at their own rate  Gesell's Maturational Theory have influenced child-rearing and primary education methods for many years. He called this process maturation, that is, the process by which development is governed by intrinsic factors, principally the genes.
He was one of the first to look at large numbers of children of varying ages and determine what the developmental norms were for particular ages. The theory that he is best known for is the maturation theory, which basically emphasized the influence of genetics on development and behavior.
Gesell believed that humans develop motor, adaptive, language and personal-social skills in a fixed sequence that unfolds naturally as a result of our unique biological makeup. In other words, he was a proponent of nature over nurture. Gesell and Language Acquisition The language acquisition theories about maturation by Gesell focused primarily on the development of motor and language Gesell s concept maturation.
According to his normative timetable, the essential milestones for language development happen between the ages of 40 weeks and 5 years.
A child begins to produce meaningful sounds, which might be simple words or childish nicknames. Age 1 to 2: They begin to use longer phrases and very simple sentences. Age 2 to 3: The child begins to communicate in complete sentences.
Language becomes a tool for thinking and the child will move beyond very simple ideas to more abstract ones. Age 3 to 4: The child asks a lot of questions, using language as a means to expand their knowledge of the world. He or she will also become able to make generalizations.
Age 4 to 5: The child has a basic mastery of the language. Gesell and Second Language Acquisition Actually, Gesell and his research partner Frances Ilg were among the first educators to address the question of the best time to begin studying a foreign language.
Gesell and Ilg suggested that it was essential than second language study begin before the age of 10 and preferably before a child begins formal education. Gesell stressed that children under 10 are emotionally predisposed to learn additional languages because they still view languages as fun and playful.
|Gesell’s Maturational Theory - Wikipedia||He called this process maturation, that is, the process by which development is governed by intrinsic factors, principally the genes.|
|Arnold Gesell||Growth and Development Theory: He focused his research on the extensive study of a small number of children.|
|Gesell’s Maturational Theory - Wikipedia||See Article History Alternative Title: As director of the Clinic of Child Development at Yale University —48he collected and published a vast quantity of data and amassed a large collection of films on child development.|
|Criticisms of the Gesell's Maturation Theory |||Maturationists believe that development is a biological process that occurs automatically in predictable, sequential stages over time Hunt,|
Developmentally, they are still ready to learn and to communicate. As he himself put it, "The young child below the age of 10 enjoys language experience… With favorable motivation, he is emotionally amenable to a second or even a third language.
She felt that their natural inclinations for imitation and expansion at that age would lend themselves naturally to the acquisition of another language. Both Gesell and Ilg felt that after the age of 10 a "critical period" had passed and studying another language would become more difficult.Arnold Gesell.
Child development theory has many influences. One could hardly mention the origins of child development theory without mentioning Arnold Gesell ( – ). Born in Alma, Wisconsin, Arnold Lucius Gesell was a psychologist and pediatrician.
As a professor at Yale, he was known for his work in child development. Gesell’s theory was shaped by the assumptions that development is based in biology, children alternate between good and bad years in development, and that body types share a connection with personality development.
In the field of early childhood development, some of the prominent theories of child development are maturationist theory, behaviorist theory, Erikson's psychoanalytical theory, Piaget's cognitive development theory, Vygotsky's sociocultural theory and Bronfenbrenner's bioecological systems theory.
Arnold Gesell was one of the pioneers of child development studies. His theories on language acquisition are still used as important benchmarks for monitoring child development.
He is best known for his theory of maturation, which placed a strong emphasis on heredity and discounted environmental influences.
Learn more about the language acquisition theories on maturation by Gesell. Arnold Gesell, in full Arnold Lucius Gesell, (born June 21, , Alma, Wisconsin, U.S.—died May 29, , New Haven, Connecticut), American psychologist and pediatrician, who pioneered the use of motion-picture cameras to study the physical and mental development of normal infants and children and whose books influenced child rearing in the United States.
The Concept of Maturation. Gesell observed that maturational development always unfolds in fixed sequences: an embryo's heart is always the first organ to develop, then the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), followed by the peripheral organs.
After birth, babies first gain control over their lips and tongues, then their eye.