Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The NHS and Community Care Act called for a more community based approach to care with the introduction of the person-cantered approach, by supporting the independence and autonomy of the service users. Some service users who require special consideration such as people with learning disabilities can still find the need to live in a group living environment, but these establishments tend to be much smaller than the old hospitals.
Assessing process as well as product Assessing individual as well as group learning Challenges for students Coordination costs represent time and energy that group work consumes that individual work does not, including the time it takes to coordinate schedules, arrange meetings, meet, correspond, make decisions collectively, integrate the contributions of group members, etc.
The time spent on each of these tasks may not be great, but together they are significant. However, if coordination costs are excessive or are not factored into the structure of group assignments, groups tend to miss deadlines, their work is poorly integrated, motivation suffers, and creativity declines.
Instructors should note that coordination costs increase with: The more people in the group, the more schedules to accommodate, parts to delegate, opinions to consider, pieces to integrate, etc. Smaller groups have lower coordination costs. Heterogeneity of group members tends to raises coordination costs, especially if there are language issues to contend with, cultural differences to bridge, and disparate skills to integrate.
However, since diversity of perspectives is one of the principle advantages of groups, this should not necessarily be avoided. To help reduce or mitigate coordination costs: Designate some class time for group meetings. Use group resumes or skills inventories to help teams delegate subtasks.
Warn students about time-consuming stages and tasks. Actively build communication and conflict resolution skills.
Designate time in the project schedule for the group to integrate parts. Motivation costs refers to the adverse effect on student motivation of working in groups, which often involves one or more of these phenomena: Free riding occurs when one or more group members leave most or all of the work to a few, more diligent, members.
Free riding — if not addressed proactively — tends to erode the long-term motivation of hard-working students.
Social loafing lowers group productivity. Conflict within groups can erode morale and cause members to withdraw.
Conflict — if not effectively addressed — can leave group members with a deeply jaundiced view of teams. To address both preexisting and potential motivation problems: Explain why working in groups is worth the frustration. Increase individual accountability by combining group assessments with individual assessments.
Teach conflict-resolution skills and reinforce them by role-playing responses to hypothetical team conflict scenarios. Assess group processes via periodic process reports, self-evaluations, and peer evaluations. Intellectual costs refer to characteristics of group behavior that can reduce creativity and productivity.
To reduce intellectual costs and increase the creativity and productivity of groups: This forestalls groupthink and helps the group generate and consider more different ideas.
Encourage group members to reflect on and highlight their contributions in periodic self-evaluations. Create structured opportunities at the halfway point of projects to allow students to reevaluate and revise their strategies and approaches.
Challenges for instructors While group assignments have benefits for instructorsthey also have complexities that instructors should consider carefully, for example in these areas: While group assignments may save instructors time in some areas e. Functioning effectively in teams requires students to develop strong communication, coordination, and conflict resolution skills, which not all instructors feel qualified to teach.
Group Observation on Teen Dating Violence EXAMPLE #2 The group I observed was a teen dating violence prevention group. It was held at A High School. It was held at A High School. The purpose of this group was to educate adolescents about domestic violence. • Practice reading through the essay before presenting it to your students and edit the adult narrative as appropriate for your age group. If possible, meet with a colleague to discuss why you chose the essay and the things about group learning you would like to discuss or make visible for your students. The group will exert pressure on the members to force them to confirm to the groups standards. The group norms usually reflect the level of commitment, motivation in a group performance. Group Cohesiveness: The aspect of group cohesiveness reflects the bonding of the group members and their desire to be a part of the group.
Many instructors are also reluctant to devote class time to reinforcing these skills and may be uncomfortable dealing with the interpersonal issues that can arise in groups. In other words, dealing proactively with team dynamics may push some instructors out of their comfort zone.
Assessing process as well as product:7 Benefits of Study Groups 11/12/ When learning in college, many students enjoy the benefits of study groups.
Depending on the members and atmosphere, study groups can be either help a student grow or can pull a student down.
In today’s post, I discuss the potential advantages of joining a study group. Learning of A Second Language Essays Words | 15 Pages.
Learning of A Second Language Ever since God punished the people who wanted to build the Tower of Babel with the “confusion of tongues” in the time of old testament, people around the world have faced the problem of communication. Adult Learning In Groups Groups [can] exert powerful influence both to advance and to obstruct learning.
A group can be an environment in which people invent and explore symbolic structures for understanding the world, learning from each other and trying out for themselves the discourse of the domain of knowledge they seek to acquire. Group projects can help students develop a host of skills that are increasingly important in the professional world (Caruso & Woolley, ; Mannix & Neale, ).
Positive group experiences, moreover, have been shown to contribute to student learning, retention and overall college success (Astin, ; Tinto, ; National Survey of Student Engagement, ).
Group work: Using cooperative learning groups effectively. by Cynthia J. Brame, CFT Assistant Director and Rachel Biel, CFT undergraduate intern Print Version Cite this guide: Brame, C.J.
and Biel, R. (). Setting up and facilitating group work: Using cooperative learning groups effectively. Group Observation on Teen Dating Violence EXAMPLE #2 The group I observed was a teen dating violence prevention group. It was held at A High School.
It was held at A High School. The purpose of this group was to educate adolescents about domestic violence.