Universities often host prominent guest speakers for student audiences, e. First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama delivering remarks at Peking UniversityBeijingChina Higher education, also called tertiary, third stage, or postsecondary education, is the non-compulsory educational level that follows the completion of a school such as a high school or secondary school.
Micki Caskey, Vincent A. Early adolescence is a distinct period of human growth and development situated between childhood and adolescence. During this remarkable stage of the life cycle, young adolescents, to year-olds, experience rapid and significant developmental change.
Understanding and responding to the unique developmental characteristics of young adolescents is central among the tenets of middle level education. Tenets of This We Believe addressed: Educators who value working with this age group and are prepared to do so Curriculum that is relevant, challenging, integrative, and exploratory Organizational structures that support meaningful relationships and learning During the 20th century, early adolescence gained acceptance as a distinctive period of development.
Stanley HallAmerican psychologist, identified early adolescence i. Other notable psychologists and theorists Flavell, ; Havighurst, ; Piaget,advanced the credibility of early adolescence and developmental stage theory.
Research suggests distinctive characteristics of young adolescents with regard to their physical, cognitive, moral, psychological, and social-emotional development, as well as spiritual development Scales, While examining these developmental characteristics of young adolescents, two cautions warrant consideration.
First, developmental characteristics are overlapping and interrelated; each affects another characteristic. These categorizations vary and are relatively arbitrary Scales, Many factors—race, ethnicity, gender, culture, family, community, environment and the like—influence development.
Cognizant of these cautions, a summary of developmental characteristics follows. Physical Developmental Characteristics Physical development refers to bodily changes including growth, improved gross and fine motor skills, and biological maturity.
In early adolescence, the young adolescent body undergoes more developmental change than at any other time except from birth to two years old.
Because bones are growing faster than muscles, young adolescents often experience coordination issues. The onset of puberty is an intense developmental period with hormones signaling the development of primary sex characteristics genitalia and secondary sex characteristics e.
Girls tend to mature one to two years earlier than boys Caissy, The increased adrenal hormone production affects skeletal growth, hair production, and skin changes Dahl, The young adolescent brain undergoes remarkable physical development.
The prefrontal cortex—an area of the brain that handles executive functions such as planning, reasoning, anticipating consequences, sustaining attention, and making decisions—continues to develop. Adults can provide accurate information, respond to questions, and encourage young adolescents to consult credible resources Scales, Schools can support physical development by offering responsive educational opportunities for young adolescents.
Schools also need to provide a programs that encourage adequate exercise and healthy lifestyles, b access to plenty of water and nutritious food during the school day, c appropriate instruction concerning the risks of alcohol and drug use, teenage pregnancy, and sexually transmitted diseases.
When young adolescents avoid physical activity due to concerns about body image Milgram,teachers can incorporate movement in classroom activities, minimize peer competition, and interrupt comparisons between early and late maturing youth.
Intellectual Development Intellectual development refers to the increased ability of people to understand and reason. In young adolescents, intellectual development is not as visible as physical development, but it is just as intense Stevenson, ; Strahan et al.
Typically, young adolescents are eager to learn about topics they find interesting and useful—ones that are personally relevant Brighton, During early adolescence, youth develop the capacity for abstract thought processes Elkind, ; Flavell, ; Piaget,though the transition to higher levels of cognitive function varies considerably across individuals.
Young adolescents typically progress from concrete logical operations to acquiring the ability to develop and test hypotheses, analyze and synthesize data, grapple with complex concepts, and think reflectively Manning, Similarly, they are increasingly able to think through ideological topics, argue a position, and challenge adult directives Brighton, ; Stevenson, Additionally, they appreciate more sophisticated levels of humor Stevenson, To make sense of the world around them, young adolescents, as learners, build upon their individual experiences and prior knowledge Piaget, IB position paper.
Physical and health education guide (pilot) For use from September or January Concept-based teaching and learning. H Lynn Erickson. Published: Mon, 5 Dec When children and young peoples development is monitored and assessed, it enables practitioners and professionals to notice when children and young people are not progressing as expected.
About. It is an international educational activity for academics, teachers and educators. This conference is now a well known educational event and the number of . What Are the Benefits of Physical Education in School? by ALISON DATKO May 05, it is vital that schools provide physical education programs to ensure that each child stays active. Improved physical health, academics and social interactions all contribute to good mental health. Physical activity sets the stage for a good night's sleep. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
The International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (PYP) is an educational programme managed by the International Baccalaureate (IB) for students aged 3 to While the programme prepares students for the IB Middle Years Programme, it is not a prerequisite for initiativeblog.com subject areas of the PYP are language, social studies, mathematics, science and technology, arts, and personal, .
Learning Objectives. This is an intermediate level course. After taking this course, mental health professionals will be able to: List and discuss four medical causes of mental disorders.
Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE)..
Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation.
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