Mammal All the higher mammals excluding the monotremesnamely the echidna and the platypus share two major adaptations for care of the young, namely gestation development of the embryo inside the mother's body, followed by live birth and production of milk. These imply a group-wide choice of a degree of parental care. Many mammals go much further, building a nest, digging a burrow, or feeding and guarding the young, often for a prolonged period. Human parental care extends far beyond providing food and protection.
With regard to sexual and reproductive health care, many states explicitly permit all or some minors to obtain contraceptive, prenatal and STI services without parental involvement. Moreover, nearly every state permits minor parents to make important decisions on their own regarding their children.
In most cases, state consent laws apply to all minors age 12 and older. In some cases, however, states allow only certain groups of minors—such as those who are married, pregnant or already parents—to consent. Several states have no relevant policy or case law; in these states, physicians commonly provide medical care without parental consent to minors they deem mature, particularly if the state allows minors to consent to related services.
Further information on these issues can be obtained by clicking on the column headings. Another state allows a minor to consent to prenatal care during the 1st trimester; requires parental consent for most care during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. In addition, 5 states require the involvement of a parent and 5 states require the involvement of legal counsel.
The remaining 12 states have no relevant policy or case law. Medical Care for a Child: The remaining 20 states have no relevant explicit policy or case law.Parental Care Parental Care T he young of most egg-laying reptiles hatch long after the parents have abandoned the eggs; a few lizards and snakes guard them, and pythons incubate their eggs for a while.
OECD Family Database initiativeblog.com OECD - Social Policy Division - Directorate of Employment, Labour and Social Affairs 1 Updated: Social class, wealth, culture and income have a very strong impact on what methods of child rearing parents use.
Cultural values play a major role in how a parent raises their child. However, parenting is always evolving; as times, cultural practices, social norms, and traditions change. In psychology, the parental investment theory suggests that basic differences between males and females in.
Parental care provides obvious benefits to parents through increased growth and survival of young. However, feeding offspring is energetically costly, and protecting them from predators increases the risk of injury or death to the parents.
Parental care is exhibited by some octopuses, in which the female broods over the eggs in the den, and in the argonaut (Argonauta), in which the eggs are carried in a special shell secreted by the female.
In most squids and cuttlefishes the eggs are. Synthesizing studies of parental care in a wide variety of animals, this book is the first attempt to provide general answers to the following important questions: Why does the extent of parental care vary so widely between species?