This article is a continuation of the home defense series from Jeremiah Johnson.
AP Biology Lab 5 Introduction: Cellular respiration is the release of energy from organic compounds by metabolic chemical oxidation in the mitochondria within a cell. There are a number of physical laws that relate to gases and are important in the understanding of how the equipment in this lab works.
These are summarized as general gas laws that state: P stands for pressure of the gas, V stands for the volume of the gas, n stands for the number of molecules of gas there are, R stands for the gas constant, and T stands for the temperature of the gas.
A respirometer is the system used to measure cellular respiration. Pressure changes in the respirometer are directly relative to a change in the amount of gas there is in the respirometer as long as the volume and the temperature of the respirometer do not change. To judge the consumption of oxygen in two different respirometers you must reach equilibrium in both respirometers.
Cellular respiration is the procedure of changing the chemical energy of organic molecules into a type that can be used by organisms. Glucose may be oxidized completely if an adequate amount of oxygen is present.
Carbon dioxide is formed as oxygen is used. The pressure due to CO2 might cancel out any changes due to the consumption of oxygen.
To get rid of this problem, a chemical will be added that will selectively take out the carbon dioxide put off. Potassium hydroxide will chemically react with the carbon dioxide by this equation: The rate of cellular respiration will be higher in germinating peas in cold and room temperature water baths than in that of the beads or non-germinating peas.
The cooler temperature in the cold water baths should slow the process of cellular respiration in the peas. The materials used in this lab were the following: Obtain a room temperature water bath and a degree Celsius water bath. Add ice to room temperature water and watch the thermometer until the temperature has reached degrees Celsius.
For respirometer one, obtain a graduated cylinder and fill it with 50mL of water. Drop in 25 germinating peas and determine the water displacement. Record the volume, remove the peas and place them on a paper towel.
For respirometer two, obtain the same graduated cylinder, filled again with 50mL of water. Drop twenty-five of the non-germinating peas in the water and continue adding beads to the water until the same water displacement for the non-germinating peas equals the first result.
Remove the contents, and drain the water leaving the peas and beads to dry on a paper towel. For respirometer three, fill the mL graduated cylinder with 50mL of water and obtain the first water displacement value by adding just beads to the water in the cylinder.
Take out the beads, allow the water to drain, and repeat this same procedure for respirometers 4, 5, and 6, which will be placed in the cooler water. For assembly of the respirometers, obtain 6 vials, each with a stopper and a pipette.
Make sure the vials are dry on the inside. Do not get KOH on the sides of the respirometer. Place a small wad of non-absorbent cotton on top of the KOH saturated cotton, making sure the same amount is used for each respirometer.
Place the first set of peas in their respective vials. Do the same for the second set of peas. Insert the stopper with the calibrated pipette.
Place a weighted collar on the end of each vial. Make a sling of masking tape attached to each side of the water baths to hold the pipettes out of the water during the equilibration period of seven minutes. Vials 1, 2, and 3, should rest in the room temperature water while 4, 5, and 6, should rest in the degree Celsius water bath.
After seven minutes of equilibration, immerse all 6 respirometers entirely in their designated water baths. Water enters the pipette for a short distance and stops.
If the water continues to move into a pipette, check for leaks. Working quickly, arrange the pipettes so the can be read through the water at the beginning of the experiment. These should not be shifted during the experiment. Keep hands out of the water bath after the experiment has started.
Make sure a constant temperature is maintained. Allow respirometers to equilibrate three more minutes, record the initial position of the water in each pipette to the nearest.Each commercial laboratory has its own set of "normal" values, called "Normal Range" or "Reference Range" on your lab report.
These values depend on the equipment or method used. Compare your. Section Name Short Title Min Cred Max Cred BLDG ROOM DAYS Start Time End Time Faculty Name Avail Status Prerequisites Coreq Notes Location BIOO1.
This Study Guide was developed by Volusia County teachers to help our students prepare for the Florida Biology End-Of-Course Exam. The Florida EOC is broken . Jeremiah Johnson is a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne) and a graduate of the U.S.
Army’s SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape). This article is a continuation of the home defense series from Jeremiah Johnson.
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Laboratory biosafety manual. Third edition World Health Organization Geneva WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data World Health Organization.