Its anti-slavery message, in direct response to the Fugitive Slave Act ofprovoked unprecedented levels of critical disagreement throughout the North and South, serving as a catalyst for sectional conflict.
The book originally was a serial in the anti-slavery newspaper The National Era in Born to a large New England family that encouraged the education of all of the children and their involvement in public affairs, Stowe was a life-long writer, educator, and philanthropist.
Lyman Beecher, a well-known Calvinist preacher. Beecher was one of the leaders of the Second Awakening, a Christian revival movement that also inspired social activism—he preached against slavery in the s in response to the Missouri Compromise. When she was six, her father remarried, to Harriet Porter.
Two brothers and a sister, Isabella, were born of this marriage. Inat the age of 13, she moved to Hartford, Connecticut, to attend the Hartford Female Seminary, founded and run by her eldest sister, Catharine.
Harriet eventually became an assistant teacher at the seminary. As a Calvinist preaching against the evils of Unitarianism in the religious center of the Unitarian movement, he was not as successful as he had hoped.
He moved his family again inthis time to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church of Cincinnati and president of the Lane Theological Seminary of Cincinnati. By moving to the western frontier, Lyman would train preachers at the seminary and use them to spread Protestantism—and his anti-Catholicism views—in the West.
They had seven children between and During their time in Cincinnati, the Stowes met and talked with slaves that had escaped to Ohio from neighboring Kentucky and Virginia. They were friends with abolitionists who participated in the Underground Railroadand Harriet visited Kentucky, where she saw the impact of slavery first-hand.
Inthe Stowes hired a servant girl from Kentucky, who by the laws of Ohio was free since her mistress had brought her and allowed her to stay in Cincinnati. Calvin, active in public education, was very supportive of her writing and her involvement in public affairs.
InHarriet won a writing contest in the Western Monthly Magazine and began writing articles, essays, and stories for it and, over the course of her life-long writing career, other publications including The Atlantic Monthly, New York Evangelist, the Independent, and the Christian Union.
She published a short story collection, The New England Sketches, in In she published her first novel, The Mayflower, and published roughly a book a year for the ensuing 30 years. Following a cholera outbreak in that took the life of their youngest son, Samuel Charles, known as Charley, the Stowes moved to Brunswick, Maine, where Calvin was a professor at Bowdoin College, his alma mater.
Harriet gave birth to their last child, Charles Edward, on July 8, On September 18,Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Law, which made it illegal for anyone to help a fugitive slave, thus allowing slave owners to travel far into the Northern free states to reclaim slaves.
InStowe began a contract with The National Era, an anti-slavery magazine, for a story that would "paint a word picture of slavery," for Northerners who had never witnessed it first-hand, as a way to galvanize them to action against the institution of slavery.
Stowe originally planned for the story to consist of just three or four installments, but she ended up writing more than The first installment was published June 5,and before the series was finished, she had an offer to publish it as a novel. It became a bestseller in the United States, Britain, Europe, and Asia, and was eventually translated into over 60 languages.
It accomplished what Harriet had intended—a wave of anti-slavery sentiment swept the North. Harriet was invited to speak about the novel, slavery, and emancipation in cities across North America and Europe.
In a letter inshe explained, "I wrote what I did because as a woman, as a mother, I was oppressed and broken-hearted with the sorrows and injustice I saw, because as a Christian I felt the dishonor to Christianity — because as a lover of my county, I trembled at the coming day of wrath.
Harriet continued her various philanthropic efforts to help slaves, including establishing schools for them, and continued to write—articles and columns for newspapers, and novels. When the American Civil War began, Harriet felt that President Abraham Lincoln did not move quickly enough to emancipate slaves and met with him in to urge him to take decisive action.
While living in Hartford, Stowe wrote some of her best known novels: After the Civil War, she and Calvin began to spend winters in Mandarin, Florida, near where her brother Charles Beecher had opened a school for emancipated slaves.Harriet Beecher Stowe summary: Harriet Beecher Stowe is best known for her novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which played a significant role in accelerating the movement to abolish slavery in the United States.
The book originally was a serial in the anti-slavery newspaper The National Era in Born to. Appendix E: The Fugitive Slave Act of and the “Higher Law” Debate The Fugitive Slave Law of with a Synopsis and Poem by S.M.
Africanus () From Charles Beecher, “The Duty of Disobedience to Wicked Laws. The electronic edition is a part of the UNC-CH digitization project, Documenting the American South.
Any hyphens occurring in line breaks have been removed, and the trailing part of a word has been joined to the preceding line. Watch video · Although she wrote dozens of books, essays and articles during her lifetime, she was best known for her novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin Or, Life Among the Lowly, which brought unprecedented light to the plight of slaves and, many historians believe, helped incite the American Civil War.
Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher initiativeblog.comhed in , the novel had a profound effect on attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the U.S.
and is said to have "helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War".. Stowe, a Connecticut-born teacher at the Hartford Female Seminary and an active abolitionist, . law championed by Stephen A. Douglas that removed Indians from Nebraska Territory, divided the territory into Kansas and Nebraska, and stipulated that the issue of slavery in each of the new territories would be decoded on the basis of popular sovereignty.